1999 James A. Fowler
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I. Representative Biblical references to "salvation"
A. Old Testament
words yasha, yesha - deliverance, help, salvation - Ps.
37:39; 38:22; 51:12,14;
30:15; 43:11; Jere. 23:6.
of "Jesus" derived from this Hebrew root - Matt. 1:21)
word malat - to escape, to be safe - Ps. 116:4; Jere.
word nasal - to deliver, free, pull out - Prov. 14:21
concept of "salvation"
predominantly physical deliverance - national, individual
usually projected such in the future
looked forward to Messianic deliverance and salvation
B. New Testament
words sozo (107), soteria (46), soter (24),
soterion (4), soterios (1), diasozo (8)
Get theological term "soteriology" - study of salvation
of meaning in Greek - physical safety, cure or healing from illness,
liberation, protection, keep alive, keep in good health, preserve
develop wholeness or peace, make secure, bring victory
to make safe from danger, peril, judgment
to make safe for, to, unto health, benefit, victory
Wm. Barclay - "most common meaning - bodily health"
applied "savior" to their gods, philosophers and politicians
concept of "salvation" invested words with new meaning
predominantly spiritual deliverance and function
based on the Person and work of Jesus Christ
primarily a present experience with future consummation
1:21 - "you shall call His name Jesus...He will save His
people from their sins"
3:17 - "that the world should be saved through Him"
4:12 - "salvation in no one else; no other name by which
we must be saved"
1:16 - "gospel...the power of God for salvation to every
one who believers"
5:10 - "we shall be saved by His life"
10:9 - "confess Jesus as Lord...you shall be saved..."
2:8,9 - "by grace you have been saved through faith..."
Thess. 5:9 - "God has destined us for obtaining salvation
through our Lord Jesus Christ"
Tim. 1:15 - "Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners"
1:4 - "God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior"
2:11 - "grace of God appeared, bringing salvation to all
Pet. 1:5 - "a salvation ready to be revealed in the last
Pet. 1:1 - "our God and Savior, Jesus Christ"
II. Biblical associations with "salvation"
A. Salvation by grace of God - II
Cor. 6:1,2; Eph. 2:5,8; II Tim. 1:9; Tit. 2:11
B. Salvation in Jesus Christ, the Savior
- Acts 4:12; I Thess. 5:9; I Tim. 1:15
C. Salvation available to all - I Tim.
2:4; Tit. 2:11; II Pet. 3:9
D. Salvation received by faith - Eph.
2:8; I Pet. 1:5
E. Salvation is "good news"
- Rom. 1:16; I Cor. 15:1,2; Eph. 1:13
F. Salvation from judgment - Rom. 5:9;
I Thess. 1:10; II Thess. 2:10
G. Salvation and forgiveness - Acts 5:31
H. Salvation and the kingdom - Lk. 13:23;
II Tim. 4:18
I. Salvation and time perspective
objective - II Tim. 1:9; Titus 2:11
subjective - Eph. 2:8,9; Titus 3:5
indicative - I Cor 1:18; II Cor. 2:15; 6:2; Heb. 7:25; James
1:21; I Peter 1:9
grow - I Pet. 2:2
endure - Matt. 10:22; 24:13; Mk. 13:13; Rom. 8:25
work out - Phil. 2:12
good works - Eph. 2:10; James 2:17,26
- Rom. 13:11; I Thess. 5:8; I Tim. 4:16; I Pet. 1:5
J. Salvation and regeneration - Jn. 3:16;
K. Salvation and sanctification - II
Thess. 2:13; II Tim. 1:9
III. Theological considerations of "salvation"
A. Comprehensive usage of salvation
of much evangelical usage
comprehensive of all soteriological terms
B. Exclusivity of salvation
pluralist and inclusivist viewpoints
or particularist viewpoints - Jn. 14:6; Acts 4:12
C. Order of salvation - ordo salutis
or chronological order of soteriological realities: revelation,
regeneration, conversion, adoption, justification, spiritual
preservation, obedience, endurance, lordship, glorification,
D. Process of salvation
history" - Heilsgeschichte; God's saving work in
progressive history of mankind.
as process in experience of individual
some fear this implies performance "works" salvation
denial of only punctiliar event or experience
life of Christ" - Rom. 5:10
E. Functionality of salvation
a theological category or logical premise
a static commodity that can be dispensed
is the dynamic activity of the living Savior - I Cor. 1:30
is the ontological expression of the life of Jesus
definition: "Salvation is the process of being made safe
from misused and dysfunctional
humanity, and thereby to be restored to the functionality God
intended by allowing
the dynamic of the ontological Person and work of the Savior,
Jesus Christ, to express
His divine character in man to the glory of God.
F. Revocability of salvation
of God - I Cor. 1:8; Phil. 1:6; I Pet. 1:5
and alienation - Jn. 15:6; Gal. 5:4 ; Heb. 6:4-6